Types Of Bone Diseases

The bone disease is also known as osteopathy. The bones play a major role in supporting and shaping the body thus facilitating its movement. New bones are added during childhood as compared to the rate in which the body removes the aged ones. The bone building process starts dropping at the age of twenty years.

The body requires sufficient calcium and vitamin D to form strong and healthy bones. Body exercises are also very crucial in the formation of strong bones. Additionally, you are advised stop taking too much alcohol to facilitate the formation f healthy bones. The following are the common types of bone diseases

Osteogenesis imperfecta

This is an inherited bone disorder. It is characterized by the formation of fragile and weak bones.

Osteomyelitis

This is a type of infection which mainly affects the bone tissue. It is mainly caused by an infectious organism known as Staphylococcus aureus. This organism reaches the bones through the bloodstream. This is followed by inflammation of the bones making them porous. This affects the supply of blood to the bone tissues leading to the death of the bone cells.

Osteosarcoma

This is a type of bone cancer which mainly affects the long ossicle. Its cause is yet to be known, but it is mainly attributed to radiography and generic factors. This disease affects more males and females especially those who are aged below 30 years.

Metabolic bone diseases

This includes all the diseases which lead to ossicle deformities or abnormalities. These diseases include rickets, osteoporosis, marble bone disease, Paget’s disease and fibrous dysplasia. All these diseases can lead to bone pain, loss of height as well as predispose the patients to fracture.

Achondroplasia

This is a genetic disorder which is characterized by abnormalities in the formation of ossicles from the cartilages. This, in turn, affects the growth and development of the long bones including the g-humerus and femur. Achondroplasia is the major cause of dwarfism.

Osteomalacia

This is a health condition which mainly affects the ossicles leading to softening of the bones. Inadequate bone mineralization mainly causes it. The softening of the bones makes them more susceptible to fractures.

Marble bone disease

This is a rare disorder which makes the bones to become extremely hard, dense and brittle. Compact bones end up filling ossicle cavities thus reducing the amount of bone. This might lead to a low production of the red blood cells and severe anemia.